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ENCYCLOPAEDIA of MATERIALS & FABRICS

ENCYCLOPAEDIA OF MATERIALS & FABRICS - knew how!


You have seen in our shop a material description you do not know, 
or a word or phrase seen, you do not understand? Then Check it out after our little lexicon. Here we have compiled important material terms around clothing, footwear and accessories. Sit back and browse through the world of language and materials.

A like.....

ALPACA
with or without additional designation "wool" or "animal hair" - hair of the following animals: alpaca

ANGORA (Kanin)
with or without additional designation "wool" or "animal hair" - hair of the following animals: Angorakanin

ACETATE
Fiber made of cellulose acetate with less than 92% but at least 74% hydroxyl groups are acetylated

ALGINATE
Fiber obtained from metallic salts of alginic acid






ARAMID
Fibers from synthetic linear macromolecules having aromatic groups having in the chain amide or imide linkages from, of which at least 85% are attached directly to two aromatic rings and with imide linkages, if any, the number of amide bonds may not exceed.

ANIMAL HAIR
with or without an indication of the kind of animal (eg cattle hair, goat hair, horsehair.) - hair of different animals, where these are not referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2



B like.....

BEAVER
with or without additional designation "wool" or "animal hair" - hair of the following animals: beaver

C like.....

COTTON
Fiber from the seeds of the cotton plant (Gossypium)

CAMEL
with or without additional designation "wool" or "animal hair" - hair of the following animals: camel

CASHMERE
with or without additional designation "wool" or "animal hair" - hair of the following animals: cashmere goat

CASHGORA
with or without additional designation "wool" or "animal hair" - hair of the following animals: goat Cashgora

D like.....

No entry

E like.....

ELASTODIENE
Elastic fiber made from natural or synthetic polyisoprene, returns either of one or more dienes polymerized with or without one or more vinyl monomers, and, stretched under the action of a tensile force to three times its original length and released, recovers rapidly and substantially to its initial position.

ELASTHAN
Elastic fiber composed of at least 85 weight percent of a segmented polyurethane, and the stretched under the action of a tensile force to three times its original length, returns recovers rapidly and substantially to its initial position.


F like.....

FISH OTTER
with or without additional designation "wool" or "animal hair" - hair of the following animals: otters

FLAX
or LINEN obtained from the bast of the flax plant (Linumusitatissimum)

FLUOR FIBER
Fiber formed of linear macromolecules derived from aliphatic fluoro-carbon monomers.

G like.....

GUANACO
with or without additional designation "wool" or "animal hair" - hair of the following animals: Guanaco

H like.....

HEMP
Obtained from the bast of hemp (Cannabis sativa)

I like.....

No entry

J like.....

JUTE
Obtained from the bast of Corchorus olitorius and Corchorus capsularis. For the purposes of this Regulation, the jute are equal: Hibiscus cannabinus fibers, Hibiscus sabdariffa, Abutilon avicennae, Urena lobata, Urena sinuata

K like.....

KANIN - Angora
with or without additional designation "wool" or "animal hair" - hair of the following animals: Angorakanin

L like.....

LATEX - RUBBER
The material rubber vulcanized rubber is known today. Rubber is generally known as elastic and relatively durable solid. A distinction is made of soft rubber (an elastic material with a sulfur content 5-10 wt .-% sulfur) can be used in many areas of Fashion and hard rubber with a sulfur content of 30 to 50 wt .-% of this is used in the automotive industry. Rubber is contained in MILK JUICE (latex) of tropical plants and is mainly extracted from the rubber tree. Vegetable rubber is also known as natural rubber or natural latex. The main component of the latex films used in the Textilatexerstellung is natural rubber from tropical plant plantations.





LEATHER
Leather types differ according to the species that provides the leather. The use of individual types of leather decides on the characteristics of the leather. (eg as a vehicle, furniture or clothing leather), decide the kind of tanning or type of finish or type of coloring. The most common species in the cowhide leather, lambskin and pigskin. Cowhide are usually for upholstery leather (car, furniture), but also used for shoe leather, bags or Motorcycle Suits. Lamb leather are most commonly used for lighter and casual jackets for cheap pigskin leather clothing. Less common are leather of deer (costume clothing, conservative casual jackets), horses (jackets and shoe uppers), crocodiles and snakes (bags, shoes), ostrich (hats, bags), kangaroo (Motorcycle Suits, hats) or rays (purses, knife sheaths, key cases )

LYCRA - BRAND VALUES
... That the LYCRA® fiber brand - a Stoffingredienz and just not a substance - such a well known name in the world that is based on the marketing performance of INVISTA. They have led to a worldwide reputation of over 80%. The marketing of INVISTA for the LYCRA® fiber brand focuses the main product values: LYCRA® fiber represents comfort, fit, shape retention and freedom of movement. In addition, the LYCRA® fiber is the fashionable fiber, fabrics and fashions improves and ensures that consumers look better and feel better. The LYCRA®, XFIT LYCRA®, FREEF! T® and freshFX® are trademarks of INVISTA. Learn more about the making here. (Content Profile Manufacturer / Copyright © 2013 INVISTA)


LINEN
or FLAX obtained from the bast of the flax plant (Linumusitatissimum)

LAMA
with or without additional designation "wool" or "animal hair" - hair of the following animals: Lama

M like.....

MOHAIR
with or without additional designation "wool" or "animal hair" - hair of the following animals: Angora







MODAL
By a modified viscose produced regenerated cellulose fiber with high tensile strength and high wet modulus. The breaking force (BC) in the conditioned state and the force (BM) required to produce an elongation of 5% in the wet state are: BC (CN) ≥ 1.3 √ T + 2 T BM (centinewton ) ≥ 0.5 √ T where T is the mean linear density in decitex.

N like.....

NYLON oder POLYAMID
Fiber formed from synthetic linear macromolecules having in the chain recurring amide linkages of which at least 85% are joined to aliphatic or cycloaliphatic units.

O like.....

No entry

P like.....

POLYACRYL
(in the Regulation, which has been published in the EU Official Journal, here is "silk" - is sure to be an editorial oversight that will be corrected). Fiber formed of linear macromolecules having in the chain is composed of at least 85 percent by weight of acrylonitrile.

POLYCHLORID
Fiber formed of linear macromolecules having in the chain more than 50 percent by weight of chlorinated olefin (eg., Vinyl chloride, vinylidene chloride) is established.



POLYAMID oder NYLON
Fiber formed from synthetic linear macromolecules having in the chain recurring amide linkages of which at least 85% are joined to aliphatic or cycloaliphatic units.



POLYURETHANE
Fiber formed of linear macromolecules having in the chain with the recurring urethane functional group.


POLYLACTIDE
Fiber formed of linear macromolecules having in the chain at least 85 percent by weight of lactic acid ester units derived from naturally occurring sugars, and a melting point of at least 135 ° C.

POLYESTER
Fiber formed of linear macromolecules having in the chain at least 85 percent by weight of an ester of a diol and terephthalic acid.

POLYETHYLENE
Fiber of saturated linear macromolecules un-substituted aliphatic hydrocarbons.



POLYPROPYLENE
Fiber formed of linear saturated aliphatic hydrocarbons in which one carbon atom in two carries a methyl group in an isotactic disposition and without further substitution.

Q like.....

No entry

R like.....

RUBBER - LATEX
The material rubber vulcanized rubber is known today. Rubber is generally known as elastic and relatively durable solid. A distinction is made of soft rubber (an elastic material with a sulfur content 5-10 wt .-% sulfur) can be used in many areas of Fashion and hard rubber with a sulfur content of 30 to 50 wt .-% of this is used in the automotive industry. Rubber is contained in MILK JUICE (latex) of tropical plants and is mainly extracted from the rubber tree. Vegetable rubber is also known as natural rubber or natural latex. The main component of the latex films used in the Textilatexerstellung is natural rubber from tropical plant plantations.

S like.....

SEIDE
Fiber obtained exclusively from silk cocoon spinning insects






SATIN
Satin is sensitive to water drops. Satin is mainly plain, mostly made of viscose, cotton and silk or man-made fibers. Satin is a satin weave in feinfädiges tissue with a more or less glossy, featureless surface. The right and left side of the fabric to show a different picture.

SISAL
Fiber from the leaves of Agave sisalana







T like.....

TRIVINYL
Fiber from three different vinyl monomers, composed of acrylonitrile, a chlorinated vinyl monomer, and a third vinyl monomer, none of which has 50% of the weight.

U like.....

No entry

V like.....

VIKUNJA
with or without additional designation "wool" or "animal hair" - hair of the following animals: vicuna

VISKOSE
Regenerated cellulose fiber obtained for filament and staple fibers by the viscose

VINYLAL
Fiber formed of linear macromolecules having in the chain is composed of polyvinyl alcohol with a variable degree of acetalization.

W like.....

No entry

X like.....

No entry

Y like.....

YAK
with or without additional designation "wool" or "animal hair" - hair of the following animals: Yak

Z like.....

No entry