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With our small guide is designed to give you practical tips to help you maintain your leather products. Well Maintained Leather clothing will remain when you want them.
Table of Contents
1. LEATHER TYPES
2. ABBREVIATION FOR LEATHER TYPES
3. LEATHER PROPERTIES
4. WASH & DRY
5. CLEANING & CARE
6. COLOUR REFRESH made itself
7. STATIONS OF LEATHER MANUFACTURE IN THE TANNING
Leather varies according to the species that provides the leather. The use of individual types of leather decides on the characteristics of the leather. (eg as a vehicle, furniture or clothing leather), decide the kind of tanning or type of finish or type of coloring. The most common species in the cowhide leather, lambskin and pigskin. Cowhide are usually for upholstery leather (car, furniture), but also used for shoe leather, bags or Motorcycle Suits. Lamb leather are most commonly used for lighter and casual jackets for cheap pigskin leather clothing. Less common are leather of deer (costume clothing, conservative casual jackets), horses (jackets and shoe uppers), crocodiles and snakes (bags, shoes), ostrich (hats, bags), kangaroo (Motorcycle Suits, hats) or rays (purses, knife sheaths, key cases ) Basically, you can first, regardless of the specific species from which a leather comes, describe the following common types of leather:
also:-cut leather, oberflächenpigmentiertes smooth leather, with a water-repellent paint and protective layer on the surface (Top Coat)
which has a very thin paint or protective layer,
Open-pore SMOOTH LEATHER (aniline leather)
the colored and water and stain sempfindlich is (a feeds on the surface applied water droplet and darkens the leather) and has no surface protection,
- ROUGH LEATHER
a ground and also open-pored smooth leather with a velvety surface (called a nubuck or suede, depending on the processing of the grain splits or flesh split),
- PU leather
where they are film-coated split leather with waterproof, glossy polyurethane coating in an antique finish.
In addition, synthetic leather is mentioned, but the concept can not be taken under leather.
Sometimes abbreviations used in the English-speaking world are used to describe types of leather. To special qualities of leather it is not there. There are therefore described only leathers or processing steps, but can be done in any quality level.
- DDDM = Drum Dyed, dry milled leather / drum dyed, dry milled for
- DDDN = Drum Dyed, dry Nappa / drum dyed, dry Nappa
- NDM = Natural dry milled leather / "Natural" is undefined, dry milled for
- PDM = printed dry milled leather / embossed, milled for dry
COVERED LEATHER / LEATHER SEMI ANILIN
Pigmented or surface-colored smooth leather are leather, in which a layer of paint on the surface. A verriebener on these smooth leather drop of water runs off and does not darken the leather. Typical of casual jackets and motorcycle apparel.
CARE NOTE: Minor color damage and abrasions at front edge you can correct color with leather color restorer. Leather should be 1-2 times & Waterproofing Oil be treated in the year with a leather care. The leather remains in smooth, breathable, protect against aging and is impregnated again.
Open-pore SMOOTH LEATHER (aniline leather)
Aniline leather is smooth leather without protective paint layer. A verriebener drop of water moves in and darkens the leather.
CARE NOTE: Water Resistant such leather can be "impregnation and protection from stains" by skin care products with the properties. The typical for this type of leather fading You can adjust color only by specialists. Older aniline leather require a re-oiling and UV protection. Fulfill this task toiletries with - "protection against dehydration and loss of color due to fading". The maintenance should be done 1-2 times per year.
Suede are all velo rustic surfaces. Typical are pig-and Ziegenveloure, Rindsnubuk and dress clothing from deer, elk or Kalbsveloure (idRSämisch- or Trangerbung).
CARE NOTE: suede should be 1-2 times per year, with the amenities - be maintained "by fading protection against dehydration and loss of color." The leather is supple and protected from fading. Even after washing become pale suede can be refreshed again. But fading can be equalized color only by specialists. For impregnation, we only recommend care products that are compatible with suede leather and textiles. For smaller stains usually sufficient a clothes brush or an eraser for suede.
Basically, any leather can easily leather & fur Wash Concentrate are washed in the washing machine or by hand. With proper temperature and washing according to the instructions your leather is clean again, is guaranteed soft and will not shrink.
- Strong verspeckte parts or heavily soiled leather (collar, cuffs, lapels) soak in the hand bath and carefully pre-treat with a soft brush.
- Combinations with different colored leather or leather-textile mix or light colored leathers and linings can not be excluded discoloration. In such combinations always a leather Pflegefixiermittel (color fixation when washing the leather clothing / Fixed in leather tanning, paint and grease substances. Prevents leaching during washing, apply before the leather lingerie.) Use.
- Never wash two different parts together!
- Always wash all parts in costumes. Some leathers are faded before cleaning or have abrasions. Such color damage is visible after cleaning by removing the soils sometimes.
- There are types of leather on the market, where dyes are not sufficiently fixed or coated with oils or fats. These leathers are clean by cleaning, but the surface changes.
- Not well stitched buttons or loose sewn applications must be secured.
- Sheepskins with pure white back sometimes have a leachable tanning! Therefore Always cut away a small piece and test wash. It shrinks, the skin can not be washed. Never wash above 30 °C.
PREPARATION – LEATHER
Leather-textile Mixt hurry, multicolored leather parts, solid black, red, blue, burgundy and green: Always pre Such parts for color fixation! Effect: Fixed in leather tanning, paint and grease substances. Prevents leaching when washed. Preferably apply before the leather lingerie. Leather Care Not in the washer, but tub 1/2 bottle in about 5-10 liters of water to cover, lukewarm (max. 30 ° C). Complete motorcycle combi whole bottle. Blank leather part to move at least 60 minutes to soak in between, drain without rinsing in the washing machine
CAUTION: This product contains slight, volatile acids of natural origin. Avoid skin contact by using gloves. Treat splashes to skin or eyes with plenty of water. Keep away from children.
HAND WASH - LEATHER & FUR with WASH CONCENTRATE
Suitable for hand washing for all suede and smooth leather. Jackets, coats, shirts, trousers, motorbike suits, costumes, gloves.
HAND WASH: Depending on the washing volume 1/3 - 1/2 liter bottle + water about 12 (max covered.) Max. 30 °C. Complete motorcycle combination, great jacket 1 bottle. Approximately . Let soak for 30 minutes and wash by hand. Remove from the wash bath, drain and rinse again with clean water.
SURFACE CLEANING: Clean with a cloth or sponge 1: 5 - Prepare a 1:10 dilution. Take to help with Motorcycle Suits brush.
WASHING MACHINE - LEATHER & FUR with WASH CONCENTRATE
Suitable in other protected or wool cycle at max. 35 ° C. For all suede and smooth leather, z. B. jackets, coats, shirts, pants, dresses, motorcycle clothing and gloves. Also suitable for leather-textile mix.
Depending on the washing volume 1/3 - 1/2 bottle give in machine chamber. Use a whole bottle at all Motorcycle Suits or bulky coats. Wash at the end only anschleudern in wool or delicate cycle with a maximum of 35 ° C. The leather of the drum take the wrinkles shake well and allow to dry hanging at room temperature. With voluminous parts drying may take several days.
IMPORTANT: Do not dry in the dryer! After drying the leather fibers are bonded. Dried parts lengthwise and crosswise drag and rub well or 15 - 30 min run cold Tumble on left without hot air.. Nubuck and suede then still good brush-up.
To the main customers of our detergents and care products are the owners of motorcycle clothing. This clothing dirty quickly due to the stress and is also in need of care as "normal" leather clothing. Clothing includes combination, the gloves and the boots.
Motorcycle leather are usually well impregnated leather from cattle. Rarely is kangaroo leather. The exception is also nubuck leather (suede), and there are motorcycle clothing with combinations of leather and membranes (Gore Tex, Sympatex, etc.).
THE TREATMENT OF smooth leathers
The treatment of surface-stained smooth leather is regardless of what animal the leather came from. Surface-Colored Smooth Leather are leather, where to protect and coloring a color coat was applied to the leather. A verriebener on such leathers drops of water drip off.
"Flyspeck" and other stains may very well superficially with a leather washer concentrate by hand with a mixture of 1: 5 - 1:10 Wash Concentrate and remove water and soft brush. Even bright leather are thus again very clean. Gloves and boots can be cleaned accordingly.
Sometimes a complete cleaning is necessary. Then you can wash yourself by hand or in the washing machine suits and gloves with a leather wash concentrate. The cleaning is done according to the washing instructions. Dried-up "fly speck" but must be pre-cleaned by hand with a brush.
There is no problem to wash Motorcycle Suits in the washing machine. The leather is guaranteed to stay soft. Protectors can be washed with.
To maintain smooth leathers, we recommend a leather care and impregnating oil. It impregnates and nourishes the leather, without the pores to close. The breathability is an important property for Leather & Motorcycle clothing. Undiluted circling sparingly with a cloth or sponge. Small color damage can be easily matched in color again with a "leather Fresh".
THE TREATMENT OF MEMBRANE CLOTHING
For membrane linings (Gore Tex, Sympatex, etc.) there are special detergent that is suitable for pure textile clothing, pure leather garments and textile-leather mix with membrane. The procedure is the same as in smooth leather, only the special detergent is used instead of leather Wash Concentrate. The protective property of the membrane is maintained. Leather can also be maintained & Waterproofing oil with thin leather care, and textile clothing is additionally treated after cleaning with impregnation for suede and textiles water repellent.
THE TREATMENT OF RAUL EDERN
Occasionally motorcycle clothing is offered with nubuck leathers. These are i.d.R. Cowhide, which are lightly sanded on the grain side and have a very soft pile. Nubuck leather are more sensitive than smooth leather. These leathers are expensive to clean and bleach also easier. Therefore, as a leather should be used rather for "fair-weather trips", and the leather should be cleaned on time and regularly maintained.
As with the smooth leather, the leather can be washed according to the washing instructions easily by hand or in the machine. Dried stains should wash concentrate with a leather by hand before the complete washing with a mixture of 1: 5 - 1:10 is removed wash concentrate and water and soft brush. A local wet cleaning without full cleaning involves the risk of spot edges. Therefore rather cleanse gently with the eraser or the brush. When in doubt, make a complete cleaning. After drying the leather fibers are bonded. Dried parts lengthwise and crosswise drag and rub well and brush-up or 15 to 30 minutes in the dryer to run on the left without hot air cold.
For the care of the suede we recommend using only care products that are compatible with suede leather and textiles. This gives this delicate leather is the necessary and re-oiling the important UV protection. For the important impregnation of such open-pore leather waterproofing spray that is important.
COVERED LEATHER / LEATHER SEMI ANILIN
Pigmented leather get through the use of time with scratches and abrasions. Such color damage can easily be compensated for monochromatic color leathers with a leather color restorer. Soiled leather should be cleaned or cleaned before the color refresher locally or completely. After Fresh leather, the leather with leather care Populate & Waterproofing new oil and protect against further damage color.
Open-pore SMOOTH LEATHER (aniline leather) AND ROUGH LEATHER This bleach mostly from surface. This can not align itself with simple means color again. You need professional help in such cases. We can recommend a specialist. Therefore never expose such leather too long a source of light but stored in the closet.
Sometimes, customers want to have recolored colorful parts of a Motorcycle Suits or a full jacket or pants in a different color. Umfärbungen are sometimes possible, but they are always consuming and labor intensive. Through the application of paint in smooth leather is always something of the handle will change, and vice-colored suede color sometimes slightly from the color change. Such work may be performed only by specialists.
We are often asked who offers Umfärbungen, repairs or sewing. We can recommend appropriate specialist companies. Especially with Umfärbungen but is not everything possible.
STORAGE AND SORT
In cold storage rooms the raw material is stored.
Through the course of the raw dirt and salt conservation is free and will get back their original water content.
The addition of lime and sulfur compounds dissolve in liming the hair from the skin.
FLESHING AND COLUMNS
To pulp tissue, meat and fat residues are removed with sharp knife rolls. To obtain a uniformly thick grain leather of certain strength, the leather is split. The waste split leather can be processed among other things to suede.
Bating, pickling, TANNING
When bating and pickling the hide is treated with acid and salt for tanning. During the tanning the skin fibers absorb the tannins. This has become leather from raw skin.
The wet leather is drained by withering.
The leathers are sorted according to various quality criteria.
The grain leather is brought to a uniform thickness. On the back bumps be removed. The leather is compiled to dye lots.
NEUTER, FILL COLOR AND FATS
Originally from the tanning acid is first neutralized. There follow depending on the type of leather, a filling and coloring with water-soluble dyes. The addition of fats the required for the finished leather softness is achieved eventually.
Two methods are applied for the drying of the leather: vacuum drying in which the moisture is drawn off and the suspension drying in which the leathers are moved through drying ovens.
To make the leather soft after drying, it is mechanically flexed (staked) and prepared in further operations for the dressing.
Here the leather gets in a final surface treatment its final appearance. By priming, application of paint, finishing, pressing and ironing a glossy or matte, single or multi-colored, smooth or grained surface of the leather, depending on the fashion requirements given. The Art of Zurich Tens consists in applying to the leather very thin layers, without the optics and the estimated properties such as softness and breathability are affected.
Between all operations, the quality is tested again and again. The final inspection ensures that the individual production lots in all requirements of the leather type and the template match. The leather also be sorted according to various quality features.
The leathers are measured electronically, packed and go into the shipping.